You head to the gym, do a class, maybe train with a PT and you always hear words used by health and fitness professionals describing a movement, exercise or action.
And you look at them, nod, follow their instruction, all whilst having no freaking clue what they actually mean or said!
The following words are ones you’ll hear quite regularly but may not completely understand their full meaning.
So we’ve broken it down to make it a little more understandable.
This is an exercise that has no movement; i.e a plank. These are mainly muscle endurance based exercises, to target specific muscle groups by adding constant stress on a specific area of the body. These are used for rehabilitation and endurance based workouts.
These are generally weight training exercises. The main idea of these are to move through a range of motions under load. They will build muscle more efficiently than any other type of exercise.
These exercises are a form of strength training on specific machines. Examples of these are a treadmill or exercise bike. They have a constant resistance through the exercise as you push. These are generally known “cardiovascular exercises”.
These are exercises that exert maximum force through a short movement. Examples are box jumps. These are explosive movements and they are used mainly for sport specific skill training.
These aren’t recommended for the average gym goer. It is advised you have conditioned your body over a significant length of time before attempting these with the help of a professional.
When a personal trainer or coach says “core”, they generally mean anything to do with the abdominal muscles.
This term gets thrown around a lot with little meaning. Most trainers won’t have a full understanding of what they mean by “core” because it is a term used very lightly and too often in the industry.
The core is a group of muscles that will change from trainer to trainer. One would assume that abdominals are the main focus when talking about the core.
But trainers have been known to mention lower back, hip flexor, glutes and even lats when talking about it.
So next time someone asks you to engage your core, ask them what muscle they are specifically talking about. This may help you gage a better understanding and feeling of what “bracing your core” actually feels like.
Elyse and Marty